The technology used in fishing reels has been changing progressively to include or improve new drag and anti-backlash design. While every angler has a favorite reel, what make it better are the personal taste and the type of fish being sought. In this post, we look at the main three types of fishing reel to help you pick the best for every fishing excursion.
This is a multiplying reel that has the line on a special bearing fitted on a revolving spool. The modern designs are big and have open-faced reels ideal for casting heavier lures and targeting bigger fish. The original design was intended to have the angler cast the reel when positioned on the top and then rotating upside-down to run the crank handle. However, most anglers prefer to cast with the reel on top and retrieve the fish in the same position.
Many manufacturers for baitcasting reels use stainless steel, aluminum, or synthetic fiber material. The design also includes a level-wind system to prevent the reel line from getting trapped and interfering with latter casts. The reverse handles and drags are constructed to slow down runs by powerful fish. Most baitcasting reels work best with lures of about ¼ oz to go for longer distances.
Unlike the old baitcasting models, the modern design has an adjustable pool tension and a magnetic brake for extra controllability. This reduces backlash that results from angular momentum of the spool. This reel allows the angler to operate with several types of lines including nylon monofilaments, fluorocarbons, heat-fused, and braided multifilament.
The biggest disadvantage of the baitcasting is its weight. It requires a lot of practice to get used to and apply all the features appropriately.
The spincasting reel (closed face type)
The spincasting reel is the design that many people who are new to fishing prefer. However, they equally work well for more experienced anglers. It is very easy to use by simply pressing, holding the button and rearing back to cast. To stop the cast from extending any further, you simply hit the button. Because the line is cast directly from the fixed spool, the spincasting reel works very well with light- baits, and lures.
The fixed spool causes extra friction on the spool cup and nose cone against uncoiling line that reduces the overall casting distance. Besides, the spincast uses the narrow spools that cannot be increased without making the reel unwieldy. These limitations greatly restrict using spincast reels if you want to cast longer distances, fish at depth, or when fish are expected to make a run for the bait.
The spinning reel (open face reel)
These are the most popular types of reels in the market today. They are designed to use artificial flies as baits for fishing lightweight salmon and trout. The reels are mounted below the rod to conform with gravity because the angler does not need wrist strength maintaining the position. If you are right handed, the cast is thrown with the stronger right hand while the left arm operates the crank. Anglers cast the reel by opening the bail, holding the line with forefinger and using the rod’s backward snap followed by a forward thrust while simultaneously releasing the line. Then, you place the forefinger at the spool in contact with the depleting line to either slow or stop the cast.
The only problem with spinning reels is that they cannot handle bigger fish. However, many people who target average fish prefer the spinning which explains its great popularity in the market and the reason for the smile on the faces of many fishers!